Organization

Chamber of commerce

A chamber of commerce (or board of trade) is a form of business network, for example, a local organization of businesses whose goal is to further the interests of businesses. Business owners in towns and cities form these local societies to advocate on behalf of the business community. Local businesses are members, and they elect a board of directors or executive council to set policy for the chamber. The board or council then hires a President, CEO or Executive Director, plus staffing appropriate to size, to run the organization.

A chamber of commerce is a voluntary association of business firms belonging to different trades and industries. They serve as spokespeople and representatives of a business community. They differ from country to country.
Membership in an individual chamber can range from a few dozen to well over 800,000, as is the case with the Paris Île-de-France Regional Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Some chamber organizations in China report even larger membership numbers. Chambers of commerce can range in scope from individual neighborhoods within a city or town up to an international chamber of commerce.

In the United States, chambers do not operate in the same manner as the Better Business Bureau in that, while the BBB has the authority to bind its members under a formal operation doctrine (and, thus, can remove them if complaints arise regarding their services), the local chamber membership is either voluntary or required by law. Some chambers are partially funded by local government, others are non-profit, and some are a combination of the two. Chambers of commerce also can include economic development corporations or groups (though the latter can sometimes be a formal branch of a local government, the groups work together and may in some cases share office facilities) as well as tourism and visitor bureaus.

Some chambers have joined state, national (such as the United States Chamber of Commerce and the British Chambers of Commerce), and even international bodies (such as Eurochambres, the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), Worldchambers). Currently, there are about 13,000 chambers registered in the official Worldchambers Network registry, and the chamber of commerce network is the largest business network globally. This network is informal, with each local chamber incorporated and operating separately, rather than as a chapter of a national or state chamber.

State chambers of commerce are much different from local and regional chambers of commerce, as they work on state and sometimes federal issues impacting the business community. Just as the local chamber is critical to the local business community, state chambers serve a unique function, serving as a third-party voice on important business legislation that impacts the business community and is critical in shaping legislation in their respective state. State Chambers work with their Governor, state representatives, state senators, US congressional leaders, and US Senators. In comparison with state trade associations, which serve as a voice and resource to a particular industry, state chambers are looked to as a respected voice, representing the entire business community to enhance and advocate for a better business environment.

Bangladesh Institute of Management

Bangladesh Institute of Management (BIM) can be traced back to 1961 when its precursor, the Management Development Centre, East Pakistan, was established. It is the outcome of a tripartite project known as ‘East Pakistan Management Development, Supervisory, and Instructor Training Centre’. To establish this project, a plan of operation was signed by the then Government of Pakistan, the United Nations and the International Labour Organization in 1960.

The project came into being on January 1, 1961, under the administrative control of the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Social Welfare (Labour and Social Welfare Division) of the then Central Government of Pakistan which was subsequently transferred to the Provincial Government of East Pakistan in December 1963. In 1970 the East Pakistan Government Educational and Training Institutions Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance No. XXVI of 1961) was made applicable for Management Development Centre with effect from July 1, 1970 thereby providing the center with autonomous status. In 1966 apart from offering short term, subject specific training programs, a specialized, year-long Postgraduate Diploma in Personnel Management was introduced by the Centre.

After the independence of the country in 1971, the institute was vested with the responsibility of building up human resources of the newly independent country. Between 1972 and 1975, the public sector was the predominant sector of the economy and the majority of the clients of the institute were drawn from the public sector enterprises. The institute was further involved in providing training to the members of what was proposed to be the Industrial Management Service (IMS).

With gradual shift in development focus and liberalization of the economy from around 1975, there was a distinct shift in focus of the activities of BIM. The client base was also changed from a predominantly public sector to a mix of public and private sector. From the late 1970s to the mid-1980s, the institute was the recipient of major Technical Assistance Projects, which resulted in a major transformation of the institute.

It became a hub of management training with participants drawn from public, private, and NGOs. In 1981, a one-year-long, Postgraduate Diploma in Industrial Management was introduced. In the early 1990s, the then Bangladesh Management Development Centre (BMDC) was faced with a strategic decision-making situation. Due to the proliferation of training institutes in both the public sector as well as the NGO sector and because of limited client base, the BMDC was faced with stiff competition in the field of short, subject-specific training programs.

The number of participants per course was dwindling as were the number of courses. Against this backdrop, the BMDC took a far-reaching strategic decision to introduce a number of year-long, post-graduate diploma courses. Three such academic programs — Post-Graduate Diploma in Marketing Management, Post-Graduate Diploma in Financial Management, Post-Graduate Diploma in Computer Science were introduced.

Response to these new diploma programmes, particularly for computer science, was encouraging. During early nineties, in the context of opening up of the market, structural changes and private sector driven growth strategy for rapid development, requirement for qualified human resources was anticipated. Against that backdrop the Bangladesh Management Development Centre (BMDC) started the process of restructuring itself so as to enable it to offer academic programs designed to create professionals.

It was in that light the Bangladesh Management Development Centre (BMDC) was converted into an institute-the Bangladesh Institute of Management (BIM) opening up opportunities to offer postgraduate degree programs in Business Administration like, Executive MBA, Masters in Human Resource Management etc. While Training, Research and Consultancy are the three mandated activities of BIM; the major thrust during the last decade has been on training and Post-Graduate Diploma Programmes.

International Conference on Industrial and Mechanical Engineering and Operations Management (IMEOM)
Industrial Engineering and Operations Management(IEOM) Society of Bangladesh, a country chapter of IEOM society International, in collaboration with BIM has been organized the 2nd International conference on Industrial and Mechanical Engineering and Operations Management (IMEOM) on 12-13 December, 2019 at Bangladesh Institute of Management (BIM), Dhaka Bangladesh.

The objective of the conference is to share the knowledge and publish quality articles from the traditional and advanced areas, Engineering Management, Industrial Management, IPE and ME discipline thus bringing the professionals, engineers, academicians, researchers, and scientist community who will contribute in this conference by sharing their experiences and knowledge under the leadership of Dr. Engr. Mamunur Rashid, SMC and Head Production Management Division.

Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research

Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control And Research (IEDCR) (Bengali: রোগতত্ত্ব, রোগ নিয়ন্ত্রণ ও গবেষণা ইনস্টিটিউট) is a Bangladesh government research institute, under the Ministry of Health, responsible for researching the epidemiological and communicable disease in Bangladesh as well as disease control. Meerjady Sabrina Flora is the head of the organization.

Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control And Research was established by the government of Bangladesh in 1976. It is responsible for epidemiological and communicable disease research as well as developing public health plans for the government of Bangladesh to implement. It incorporated the previously established Malaria Institute of East Pakistan, which was part of the Central Malaria Institute of India before the partition of India.

The institute was the first Covid-19 testing site in Bangladesh following the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh. It had been given the task to carry out epidemiological surveillance during the pandemic.

EDCR stands for Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research. The present Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) was established in 1976 through a bill approved in the Parliament which called for the establishment of an institute for . WHO has maintained it technical assistance programs though its biennial activities. IEDCR benefited much in strengthening its reporting systems (EIS), early warning, reporting and recommending through periodic field studies and outbreak investigations and periodic research activities of ad-hoc information for the sentinel sites (Sentinel surveillance at 6 district hospitals and laboratories at Civil Surgeon’s office. Namely Patuakhali, Jhenaidah, Chittagong, Mymesingh, Sylhet and Nilfamari). epidemiological and communicable disease research as well as functioning of disease control programs mainly in the form of parasitic and entomological containment of vector borne diseases through application of epidemiological principles.

That should brings us to the fore the story of the institute that carried most of the responsibilities throughout the consolidation phase of the MEP. The institute, previously known as the Malaria Institute of East Pakistan (MIEP), was relocated to its present site in the early sixties from a government building in Old Dhaka.

The two storied yellow building, where the present institute is situated, was actually the storehouse for thousand of tons of DDT and other chemicals and pesticides used for the MEP. Its other rooms were used for training of malaria officers from different parts of the country. The outhouse consisted of the animal house and a hatchery for breeding of mosquitoes. The administrative units and the officers of the departmental heads along with its general sections and laboratories were situated in the six storied building that now houses the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) adjacent to the storehouse.

The Central Malaria Institute of East Pakistan itself was bisected from the Central Malaria Institute of India (CMII) in 1947 and received a few generous gifts through the division of assets between India and Pakistan, some of which still adorn the Director’s Chamber. The mahogany officer table and some regal chairs are the reminders of our colonial past. The CMII and then CMIP, leapfrogging from New Delhi to Karachi and finally to Dhaka in 1952, started functioning as MIP in 1954 in a government bungalow in Madan Mohan Basak Lane (now Tipu Sultan Road). The MEP grew in force and resources; not to be outdone by the anticipated growth spurt of a fledgling hinterland town of Dhaka into a provincial capital with its attendant trimmings. The functions of the institute were to advise the Government and local bodies on all issued related to malaria, to carry out epidemiological investigation, undertake systemic research into basic factors including malaria transmission, prevalence, vector bionomics and to teach and train officers and auxiliary personnel of MEP.

Since 1961, the institute was functioning as WHO Malaria Eradication Training Centre (METC). Its contribution in the field of malaria and training of personnel made it possible to implement countrywide MEP. Till 1971, courses conducted were – Malaria Eradication Officers’ Course. Special Epidemiological Course. Junior Malaria Eradication Officers’ Course, Microscopists’ Course etc.

During the late years of 60s MEP was successfully carried out and at the same time WHO showed keen interest in assisting the development of an Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research, which was incorporated in the then Pakistan’s 4th Five Year Plan (1970-75). The objective of the Institute was to develop epidemiological services network, basic and applied field research on parasitic, viral, bacterial diseases and their vectors. After 1971, when Bangladesh came into being as an independent, sovereign state, in view of its importance, the planning Commission of Bangladesh approved the first phase of the project on a priority basis and the scheme was approved by National Economic Council (NEC) in August 1976 with a total cost of Taka 285 lacs including Taka 118 lacs UNDP/WHO assistance as foreign exchange component for the period till 1979. The UNDP/WHO extended assistance for a further period of 5 years till 1984 with a total amount of Taka 314 lacs.

In the mean time the Institute was merged with the National Institute for Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM), and academic outlet for developing career scientists in preventive medicine and field management in 1981. Due to the different objectives of the two institutes, the goal of creating IEDCR was not implemented. This was reported by a Tripartite (UNDP/WHO/GOB) Evaluation Mission in its recommendations to the government in 1987. This Mission also recommended that the two institutions be delinked to optimize the benefits of the government at both academic and field level research. Accordingly, the Government of Bangladesh separated IEDCR from NIPSOM in July 1987.

After the severance of technical linkage with NIPSOM, IEDCR charted it own course for developing into a comprehensive multi-centric research institute with a particular mandate of its own and the technical assistance of WHO, UNDP and GOB. A five year mid-term plan was developed by a special team of experts that called for establishment of a comprehensive field surveillance system on diseases and health systems replete with a weekly lay reporting format (EIS), establishment of District and Thana Epidemiological Units for ready response to epidemics and natural calamities, carrying out a National Baseline Disease Survey and at least two Periodic Disease Surveys, District Surveillance laboratories for bacteriological detection of diarrhoegenic pathogens, preparation fo health personnel manuals and training modules for specific programs.

European Union (EU) funded the Integrated Control of Vector Borne Diseases (ICOVED) which was supervised by the Malaria and Parasitic Disease Control (M&PDC) Programme units of DGHS. Under this programme, field DAT laboratories were established in several district laboratories of Bangladesh. The Parasitology laboratory of IEDCR became the central reference laboratory for all the visceral leishmaniasis and PKDL cases. A Filaria Pilot Project and Prevalence study was to be conducted of which the latter was completed in 1997. Training of malaria microscopy, DAT techniques, dengue field techniques with the help of technical assistance of TDR/WHO was completed by 1998 at both central and peripheral facilities. Entomological surveys and sero-surveillance activities of malaria, kala-azar, lymphatic filarial, dengue and Japanese encephalitis were also conducted during this project’s period.

The HIV/AIDS/STD Project was established in 1988 and its surveillance wing was set up in IEDCR. The Virology laboratory became the focal surveillance unit where at least 60,000 samples of blood were screened through Particle Agglutination Test (PAT) for antibody detection of HIV. The STD Project conducted its administrative, field and technical activities through the offices and laboratories of IEDCR till 1995 when both HIV/AIDS and STD projects were merged into a single programme and housed in a residential accommodation in Dhanmondi Residential Area. The STD Project screened high-risk groups like CSWs, inter-district truch drivers, sailors, IVDUs and professional blood donors and special groups like university students and garment workers. It also collected high vaginal swabs and serum from the inmates of vagrant homes in Mirpur, Pubail, Kashimpur and Narayanganj for culture sensitivity testing for N. Gonorrhoea, C. Albicans and T. Vaginalis and TPHA testing for syphilis.On the other hand, ODA (now called DFID) funded a capacity strengthening project titled “Strengthening of IEDCR” which called for the establishment of two new departments; Medical Sociology and Biostatistics, increasing skilled personnel in several key departments, enhancing academic skills of these personnel through both long term and short term training. Expanding the functional space of the institute by construction of at least 4000 sqft. In its incomplete third floor and providing and strengthening the three laboratories with requisite chemicals, reagents, equipment, furniture, fittings etc and providing transport and other logistics to the institute. The Project started in 1991 and finished in 1996. Most of the activities outlined for this period was met although further strengthening activities were stopped due to re-organization of the donor agency and its subsequent re-prioritization.

At that time, Malaria Eradication Programme (MEP) was in its death throes and a much weaker Malaria control Programme (MCP) was established along the lines of the lessons learnt from the vicissitudes of an ambitious global programme that swept the world throughout much of the sixties and seventies.

 

In 1998, the Health and Population Sector Programs (HPSP) of World Bank began, the five year sector wide reform programme, through its major components, Essential Services Package (ESP) and UMIS, envisaged health and family planning service delivery at the grassroots and levels through a one stop service center in a package form brining the management lines of individual disease control programs under one umbrella to ensure profitability and accountability of service provision.

Although a uniform surveillance emanating from one central institute for all programs could have been guaranteed through HPSP central planning, IEDCR was not appointed the central institute for surveillance and many of the surveillance related activities were delegated to other institute. Despite that, IEDCR continues to seek newer alliances and partnerships within the governmental set-up and donor agencies for disease control research and policy framework studies. Already negotiations are on with multilateral funding agencies like UNICEF, UNDP, Family Health International, DFID, JICA, ORP (USAID funded) and CARE for coalition on board ranging issues like Arsenicosis, infectious disease surveillance, reproductive health, HIV/AIDS, malaria, health care management, MIS etc.

Department of Agricultural Extension

Department of Agricultural Extension (কৃষি সম্প্রসারণ অধিদপ্তর) is a government department responsible for agricultural research in Bangladesh and is located in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Department of Agricultural Extension

The Agriculture Directorate (Extension and Management) and Jute directorate were established in 1975 by the government of Bangladesh. The Department of Agricultural Extension was formed in 1982 through the merger of Agriculture Directorate (Extension and Management), Jute Directorate, Plant Protection Directorate, Horticulture Board, Tobacco Development Board, and Central Extension Resource and Development Institute (CERDI).

The department carried out Training and Visit programs to train farmers till 1990 and then adapted group training. The government of Bangladesh adapted the New Agriculture Extension Policy (NAEP) in 1996 to plan the activities of the department. It is under the Ministry of Agriculture.

The Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) of the Bangladeshi Department of Agriculture is a government agency tasked with providing efficient and effective needs-based extension services to all categories of farmers, enabling them to optimize resource use and achieve sustainable agricultural and socioeconomi.

Vision of Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE)

The vision of the Department of Agricultural Extension is to provide eco-friendly, safe, climate resilient, sustainable productive good agricultural practices and sustaining natural resources to ensure food security as well as commercial agriculture with a view to accelerating socio-economic development of the country.

Mission of Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE)

The mission of the Department of Agricultural Extension is to provide efficient, effective, decentralized, location specific, demand responsive, and integrated extension services to all categories farmers in accessing and utilizing better know how to increase sustainable and profitable crop production; thereby ensure socio-economic development of the country.

Directorate of Primary Education

Directorate of Primary Education (Bengali: প্রাথমিক শিক্ষা অধিদপ্তর) is an autonomous government department responsible for the administration of primary schools in Bangladesh. It is also responsible for the training of primary school teachers in various training institutions operated by the directorate.

Directorate of Primary Education

It is located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Director-General Abu Hena Mostofa Kamal is the head of the Directorate of Primary Education.

History

The government of Bangladesh under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman nationalized 37 thousand primary schools in Bangladesh in 1973 through the Primary Education (taking over) act, 1974. The Directorate of Primary Education was established in 1981 to manage the nationalized primary schools. In 2013, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina nationalized 26 thousand more primary schools. Bangladesh has 126,615 primary schools, 540 thousand teachers, and 18.6 million students.

Agriculture Information Service

Department of Agricultural Marketing (কৃষি বিপণন অধিদপ্তর) is a government department responsible for marketing agricultural products and techniques in Bangladesh and is located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is under the Ministry of Agriculture.

Agriculture Information Service

Agriculture Information Service (Bengali: কৃষি তথ্য সার্ভিস) is a Bangladesh government agency under the Ministry of Agriculture responsible for proving information on modern agricultural methods to farmers in Bangladesh. Dr. Md. Nurul Islam is the Director of the agency

History

Department of Agricultural Marketing traces its origin to the Marketing department proposed in 1934 and founded in 1935 in East Bengal, British Raj. In 1943 it was placed under the Department of Agriculture and Industries. In 1954, the Government of East Pakistan organized it as the Directorate of Agricultural Marketing under the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation, and Relief. In 1960 the provincial restructuring committee created sub-divisional and district level offices of the department.

In 1982 an organizing committee led by Brigadier General Enamul Haque Khan advised the government to change it to the Department of Agricultural Marketing and increase its importance in the government. On 9 January 2006, the department launched the www.dam.gov.bd website as part of an effort by the government to introduce more e-governance.

Agriculture Information Service traces its origin to the Agriculture Information Agency which was founded in 1965. In 1985, the Government of Bangladesh re-organized the Agriculture Information Agency into the Agriculture Information Service. The agency publishes two journals, Krishikotha and Samprosharon Barta. It also produces Mati-O-Manush and Banglar Krishi programs on Bangladesh Television. The agency also produces programs for Bangladesh Betar and community radios. It operates a call center were farmers can call for information on agriculture

Bureau of Non-Formal Education

Bureau of Non-Formal Education is a government bureau responsible for providing jobs, education, and opportunities to individuals who have not received formal education. The Bureau is located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The Director-General of Bureau of Non-Formal Education is Tapan Kumar Ghosh.

Bureau of Non-Formal Education

Formation 2005
Headquarters – Dhaka, Bangladesh
Region served -Bangladesh
Official language -Bengali
Website – Bureau of Non-Formal Education

History

The Bureau of Non-Formal Education traces its origin to the Directorate of Non-Formal Education. The Directorate of Non-Formal Education was under the Primary and Mass Education Division which was established in August 1992. The Directorate was placed in charge of Non-Formal Education programs providing services to 34.4 million illiterate people in Bangladesh.

The Directorate of Non-Formal Education was dissolved in 2005 and replaced with the Bureau of Non-Formal Education. The Total Literacy Movement, which was founded in 1996 was dissolved in 2003, had parts of its functions absorbed into the Bureau. The Government of Bangladesh allocated Basic Literacy and Continuing Education project one and two to the bureau with a budget of 30 billion taka.

Cabinet Division

The Cabinet Division (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ মন্ত্রিপরিষদ বিভাগ — Bānglādēśh Montriporishod Bibhāg) is the executive office of the Prime Minister. As a division of the government of Bangladesh, the office is responsible for the executive administration of the Government of Bangladesh and facilitating smooth transaction of business in Cabinet Ministries.

Cabinet Division

The Division assists in decision-making in Government by ensuring Inter-Ministerial coordination, ironing out differences amongst Ministries/ Departments, and evolving consensus through the instrumentality of the standing/ Adhoc Committees of Secretaries. The Cabinet Secretary who is assisted by seven Additional Secretaries in the performance of assigned business heads the Cabinet Division under the Prime Minister as the Minister In-charge.

History

In 1972, the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs was created to provide secretarial assistance to the government of Bangladesh. After 1975, it was placed under the President’s Office.

After 1991, the presidential system of government by Act of Parliament was abolished, and by October 1991, Cabinet Division was formed as a full-fledged administrative unit.

Ministers of the government, according to the Constitution of Bangladesh, are selected primarily from the elected members of House of Nation, also known as Jatiya Sangsad. Cabinet Ministers are heads of government departments, mostly with the office of the “Minister of [department, e.g. Defence]”. The collective co-ordinating function of the Cabinet is reinforced by the statutory position that all the Ministers jointly hold the same office, and can exercise the same powers.

The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the parliamentary system of government in the traditional constitutional theory of Bangladesh. This interpretation was originally put across in the work of the Bangladesh constitution in 1972. The political and decision-making authority of the cabinet has been gradually increased over the last few decades, with some claiming its role has been usurped by “Prime Ministerial” (i.e. more “presidential”) government.

The Cabinet is the executive committee of The Prime Minister’s Office, a historic body which has legislative, judicial and executive functions, and whose large membership does include member(s) of the Opposition or Coalition. Its decisions are generally implemented either under the existing powers of individual government departments or by the Cabinet Secretary, the most senior civil servant in Bangladesh.

Ministry of Social Welfare

Ministry of Social Welfare

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The Ministry of Social Welfare (Bengali: সমাজকল্যাণ মন্ত্রণালয়; Samājakalyāṇa mantraṇālaẏa) is the government ministry of Bangladesh responsible for the programs and the provision of social, rehabilitative services to improve the physical, social, emotional and economic well-being of the disadvantaged groups.

Directorates

  • National Disabled Development Foundation
  • Bangladesh National Social Welfare Council
  • Department of Social Services
Govt Organization

Ministry of Social Welfare

Formed: 20 January 1972
Jurisdiction: Government of Bangladesh
Headquarters: Secretariat, Dhaka
Minister responsible: Nuruzzaman Ahmed, Minister
Agency executives: Md. Jainul Bari, Secretary[2]
Website: www.msw.gov.bd

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (Bangladesh)

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is a Bangladesh government ministry charged with health policy in Bangladesh. It is also responsible for all government programs relating to family planning in Bangladesh. The present minister is Zahid Maleque. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare contains two divisions.

Departments

Health Service Division

  • Bangladesh National Nutrition Council
  • Disease International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
  • Department of Drug Administration
  • Directorate General of Nursing and Midwifery
  • Bangladesh Nursing and Midwifery Council
  • Department of Health
  • Health Economics Unit
  • Health Engineering Department
  • Bangladesh Institute of Child and Mother Health
Govt Organization

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Headquarters: Dhaka
Minister responsible: Zahid Maleque
Agency executives: Md. Asadul Islam, Secretary, Health Care Division.
Md. Ali Noor, Secretary,
Health Education and Family Welfare Division
Website: www.mohfw.gov.bd

Family Welfare Division

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